Project based learning (PBL) is a method of teaching focused around a high-level question that is answered through prolonged investigation and solved in the form of a completed project. Using a PBL model, students get to grapple with tough questions and report back in ways that are meaningful and make sense to them. Project based learning generally increases knowledge and improves skills.
What makes up a project?
There are a few things that make up a meaningful project, which will be touched on below. Each part adds another layer to the complexity and richness of the experience. There is a lot of value to be gained from PBL if implemented correctly.
Key Knowledge, Understanding, and Success Skills – the beginning phases introduce the knowledge goals and skills used to complete the project.
Challenging Problem or Question – The project is defined by either a question that needs an answer or problem that needs a solution.
Sustained Inquiry – This is essential the research phase. It involves a rigorous process of asking more questions that complement the original question or problem and then find the answers using resources. Finally, the answers are applied to questions and the next step begins.
Authenticity – is all about real-world implications, personal reflection, and quality assessment.
Student Voice & Choice – the students makes a decision about what they are going to create based on the answer or solution to the original scenario. Subsequent questions discovered in the sustained inquiry are used as support.
Reflection – Both teacher and student discuss the quality of work, what was learned, and any roadblocks they faced.
Critique & Revision – Feedback is used to made adjustments before presenting the public product.
Public Product – students present final projects, presentation, speeches to people outside of the classroom.